ESA's first satellite: COS-B 07 August 2015 This weekend sees the 40th anniversary of the launch of COS-B, the first satellite to be launched under the banner of the newly created European Space Agency, on 9 August 1975. Read more
Cos-B was ESA's first satellite dedicated to a single experiment. Its scientific mission was to study in detail the sources of extra-terrestrial gamma radiation at energies above about 30 MeV. The originally foreseen duration of the mission was two years, but in fact Cos-B functioned successfully for 6 years and 8 months. During this time an extensive survey of the Galaxy was made in the energy range 50 MeV to 5 GeV.