PSR J0737-3039: Interacting Pulsars in X-Rays
Publication date: 20 May 2008
Authors: Pellizzoni, A., et al
Journal: The Astrophysical Journal
Copyright: The American Astronomical SocietyWe present the results of a ~230 ks long X-ray observation of the relativistic double-pulsar system PSR J0737-3039 obtained with the XMM-Newton satellite in 2006 October. We confirm the detection in X-rays of pulsed emission from PSR J0737-3039A (PSR A), mostly ascribed to a soft nonthermal power-law component with a 0.2-3 keV luminosity of ~1.9x1030 erg s-1 (assuming a distance of 500 pc). For the first time, pulsed X-ray emission from PSR J0737-3039B (PSR B) is also detected in part of the orbit. This emission, consistent with thermal radiation with temperature kBT ~ 30 eV and a bolometric luminosity of ~1032erg s-1, is likely powered by heating of PSR B's surface caused by PSR A's wind. A hotter (~130 eV) and fainter (~5x1029erg s-1) thermal component, probably originating from backfalling particles heating polar caps of either PSR A or PSR B, is also required by the data. No signs of X-ray emission from a bow shock between PSR A's wind and the interstellar medium or PSR B's magnetosphere are present. The upper limit on the luminosity of such a shock component (~1029 erg s-1) constrains the wind magnetization parameter of PSR A to values greater than 1.