Mission Scenario and Operations
The JUICE spacecraft will be launched in June 2022 by Ariane 5 and will use Venus and Earth gravity assists in its 7.6 years cruise to Jupiter. After the orbit insertion in January 2030 the spacecraft will perform a 2.5 year tour in the Jovian system focusing on continuous observations of Jupiter's atmosphere and magnetosphere.
During the tour, gravity assists with Callisto and Ganymede will shape the trajectory. Two targeted Europa flybys are included focusing on composition of the non water-ice material, and the first subsurface sounding of an icy moon. Additional, Callisto gravity assists will be also used to raise the orbit inclination to almost 30° and to enable observations of the Jupiter polar regions. The frequent Callisto flybys will enable unique remote observations of the moon and in situ measurements in its vicinity. The mission will culminate in a dedicated eight months orbital tour around Ganymede during which the spacecraft will perform detailed investigation of the moon and its environment and will eventually impact on Ganymede.
The total mission duration is close to 11 years, of which about 3.5 years would be spent in the Jupiter system. With the currently envisaged launch opportunities in 2022 and 2023, the nominal mission would end in June 2033 and December 2034, respectively.
The JUICE mission would be planned and operated by the ESA ground segment consisting of the Mission Operations Centre (MOC) and the Science Operations Centre (SOC). A single ground station, capable of both X- and K-band operations at the time of the mission, is assumed for the JUICE science operations.
(For more detailed information about the JUICE mission scenario and operations, please consult the JUICE assessment study report (Yellow Book) - see link in right-hand menu.)