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Planetary Exploration Technologies

The future technology plan (for 2008-2010) is under revision and new definition (lead by the Science Payload Instrument section, SRE-PAT) according to the needs of the down selected proposals for Cosmic Vision and the recommendations of the advisory structure. It will be published after the approval of the advisory structure (expected in Q2/2008).

Future missions and new concepts for planetary investigations require miniaturisation, high efficiency, lower power consumption, extreme temperature ranges, radiation tolerance, high shock resistance, high integration, mobility and many additional requirements on the instruments side.

Studies, and eventual early development, of principle concepts is important in order to have key enabling technologies available in a timely manner.  Furthermore, it is often the case that details of particular technical solutions are required even during the feasibility studies and assessment studies, to achieve realistic assumptions on resources and challenges in the development, realization, accommodation and cost.

Below is a (non-exhaustive) overview on activities, which have been performed or supported by SRE-PAP in close cooperation with SRE-PAT, SRE-PAI and DTEC:

In-orbit remote sensing payload

  • Laser altimeter
  • Radar and subsurface radar concepts
  • Microwave sounder
  • Miniaturisation of payloads
  • Integration of instruments into a suite
  • Instrument power supply concepts 
  • Detectors and front-end electronics
  • Payload performance simulator

 

Surface and subsurface payload

  • Water detection
  • Sample preparation (drilling, grinding, digging, and so on)
  • Advanced robotics
  • Swarms of smart robotic sensors
  • Solar sailing and other new propulsion systems
  • Hard penetrators
  • Soft landing
  • Rover and moles
  • Ice penetrator  (melting probes)
  • Data transfer and communications technologies
  • Microprobes and aerobots
  • High-density power sources

 

Spacecraft technologies

  • Solar sailing and other new propulsion systems
  • Low Intensity Low Temperature (LILT) Solar Cell technology
  • Atmospheric Entry Probes (Jupiter, Venus)
  • Mercury Landing Technology

 

Current Projects

 

GIPF
Geochemical Instrument Package Facility
A suite of instruments with a complementary set of analytical methods to analyse rock and soil samples.
HICoP
Highly Integrated Communalised Payload System
Study and design of a Highly Integrated Communalised Payload System for a planetary exploration rover.
HIPS
Highly Integrated Payload Suite
A study with bread boarding of critical components to demonstrate the capabilities, challenges and limitations of such a concept for a remote sensing payload.

Melting Probe
Developing an efficient carrier module for bringing sophisticated scientific instrumentation into ice layers for in-situ investigation.

MIDAS
Micro-Imaging Dust Analysis System
To analyse cometary material in-situ by imaging the micro-topography and micro-textural units of captured cometary dust particles.
IMS
Instrumented Mole System
A mobile penetrometer designed to carry a small suite of scientific instruments and penetrate the subsurface down to a depth of 3 to 5 metres.
OSL
Optically Stimulated Luminescence Dating
Development of a technique and instrument for determining the burial age of sedimentary rocks.

 


Last Update: 26 March 2013

For further information please contact: SciTech.editorial@esa.int

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