content long 26-June-2019 05:56:22

Former PIs

PI for CIS until 2005

Henri Rème

Nationality: French

One of 11 principal scientific investigators on the Cluster mission, Professor Rème has spent almost four decades studying space plasma and planetary physics.

At the beginning of the 1960s, he held a research position from the Commissariat à l' Energie Atomique, where he gained a doctorate in Nuclear Physics (1963). After a brief period as assistant professor at Toulouse University, he was placed in charge of research at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Toulouse. In 1969 he became Docteur d' Etat des Sciences Physiques.

Since 1971, he has been a Professor at Paul Sabatier University, Toulouse. During this tenure, positions of responsibility held include: Chief of the Physical Measurement Department, Toulouse Institute of Technology (1972-1977); Director of the Toulouse Institute of Technology (1977-1981); Deputy Director of the Centre d' Etude Spatiale des Rayonnements, Toulouse (1983-1991); and Director of the Instrumentation and Measurements Laboratory at Toulouse University (1988-1996).

Since 1995 he has been Director of Doctoral Studies in Astrophysics, Geophysics, Planetology, Space Instrumentation and Science at Toulouse University.

Rème's special research interests include the magnetosphere, solar wind, cometary and planetary plasma, energetic particle phenomena and planetary physics. This has led to his participation in numerous French, European, American and Russian scientific space research projects.

In order to study the nature of auroras and the physics of the Earth's magnetosphere, Rème has participated in experiments on sounding rockets and space missions such as ARAKS, ISEE, GEOS, Calipso-2 and Aureol. He was part of the team which discovered the plasma sheet boundary layer of Earth's magnetosphere.

In the 1980s, as a Principal Investigator on ESA's Giotto mission, he made some significant discoveries about the interaction between the solar wind and comets, and detected the presence of complex organic molecules at Halley's Comet.

"The Giotto mission was particularly important because it was the first time we had ever studied two comets from close range," said Rème. "It is extremely fascinating to be among the first in mankind's history to visit unexplored bodies like comets and planets."

More recently, he has been involved in the discovery of the paleo-magnetic field on Mars.

Apart from his role as a Principal Investigator on Cluster, he is currently a Lead Investigator on NASA's Wind and Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft, and the ESA Rosetta mission to Comet Wirtanen. He is also involved in the Russian Interball mission to study Earth's magnetosphere, and the Cassini mission to Saturn.

Rème is a member of ESA's Solar System Working Group and the International Academy of Astronautics. Since 1991 he has been Chairman or Vice-chairman of the Astronomy section of the French National Council of Universities. His honours include a diploma of the Academy of Sciences of Soviet Union (1971), the Medal of Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales (1973) and the Medal of 'Jeunesse et Sports' (1977). He has been an officer of the Palmes Academiques since 1989.

Last Update: 24 July 2013

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