status reports 16-January-2019 19:21:44

No. 139 - Closing in on asteroid Lutetia

01 July 2010

Report for Period 21 June to 27 June 2010

This report covers one week of Rosetta mission operations. The navigation campaign for the upcoming flyby of asteroid Lutetia on 10 July 2010 is ongoing. Radiometric data and optical images are regularly processed to assess the spacecraft's trajectory relative to that of the asteroid.

During the reporting period, mission operations have been conducted with support of the ESA New Norcia (NNO) ground station. Additional tracking passes were performed with the NASA DSN ground stations in Goldstone (DSS-15 and DSS-24), as part of the navigation campaign for asteroid Lutetia:

DOY Date Pass Main Activity
172 21/06/10 NNO 2308 Optical navigation slot 6
173 22/06/10

DSS-24 2309
DSS-24 2310

174 23/06/10 NNO 2310 Optical navigation slot 7
175 24/06/10 DSS-24 2311 Monitoring
176 25/06/10 DSS-24 2312
NNO 2312
177 26/06/10 DSS-15 2313 Monitoring
178 27/06/10 DSS-24 2314
DSS-24 2315

DOY = Day of year

At the end of the reporting period (DOY 178) Rosetta was at 415.8 million km from Earth (2.63 AU) and the one-way signal travel time was 1387 seconds (22 minutes and 47 seconds). The distance to the Sun was 391.56 million km (2.61 AU). Rosetta was at 16.5 million kilometres from asteroid Lutetia.

Optical Navigation Campaign

On 10 July (DOY 191) Rosetta will fly by asteroid (21) Lutetia at a distance of less than 3200 km from the asteroid. In addition to the spacecraft tracking and usage of radiometric data for navigation purposes, Rosetta's on-board cameras are visually tracking the asteroid in an optical navigation campaign. The observations are fed into the orbit determination process to refine Lutetia's predicted location and to optimise Rosetta's trajectory for the upcoming flyby.

The three cameras that are used for these observations are Rosetta's two navigation cameras (NAVCAM A and B) and the narrow angle camera (NAC) of the OSIRIS instrument.

A series of time slots have been allocated for the optical navigation campaign, with seven slots completed up to now. The first slot was on Monday 31 May, followed by two slots every week in the following three weeks (on 7, 9, 14, 16, 21 and 23 June). From the start of the next reporting period, the frequency of observations is increased, with images of asteroid Lutetia being acquired every day instead of twice a week.

NAVCAM A and B are permanently ON already since 30 May 2010. Since 18 June the CCD temperature of both cameras is maintained at -30°C to reduce the number of warm pixels. OSIRIS-NAC is ON since 2 June (DOY 153).



The instrument is currently OFF.

The instrument is currently OFF.

The instrument is currently OFF.

The instrument is currently OFF.

The instrument is currently OFF.

The instrument is currently OFF.

Since 2 June 2010 (DOY 153) the instrument has been ON and the NAC regularly takes images of asteroid Lutetia as part of the optical navigation campaign.

The instrument is currently OFF.

The instrument is currently OFF.

The ultra-stable oscillator (USO) is ON/muted since DOY 032/2010.

The instrument is currently OFF.

The instrument is currently OFF.

The instrument is ON with standard settings since DOY 032/2010.

Future Milestones

Starting in the next reporting period, the optical navigation campaign will proceed with images of asteroid Lutetia being acquired every day instead of twice a week.

The remaining four slots that have been reserved for possible trajectory correction manoeuvres, should they be required to adjust Rosetta's course towards Lutetia, are at 1 week, 3 days, 40 hours, and at 12 hours before the closest approach on 10 July.

Legal disclaimer
This report is based on the ESOC mission operations report, WOR #139. Please see the copyright section of the legal disclaimer (bottom of this page) for terms of use.

Last Update: 09 July 2010

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