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Magnetospheric signatures of ionospheric density cavities observed by Cluster

Magnetospheric signatures of ionospheric density cavities observed by Cluster

Publication date: 19 March 2015

Authors: Russell, A. J. B., Karlsson, T., and Wright, A. N.

Journal: Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Volume: 120
Year: 2015

Copyright: ©2015. American Geophysical Union

First published online: 19 March 2015

We present Cluster measurements of large amplitude electric fields correlated with intense downward field-aligned currents, observed during a nightside crossing of the auroral zone. The data are reproduced by a simple model of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling which, under different conditions, can also produce a divergent electric field signature in the downward current region, or correlation between the electric and perturbed magnetic fields. We conclude that strong electric field associated with intense downward field-aligned current, such as this observation, is a signature of ionospheric plasma depletion caused by the downward current. It is also shown that the electric field in the downward current region correlates with downward current density if a background field is present, e.g., due to magnetospheric convection.

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Last Update: 1 September 2019
17-Sep-2019 18:50 UT

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