ESA Science & Technology - Publication Archive
Venus Express is the first dedicated mission to Venus in over a decade. It was built by the European Space Agency, launched from Baikonur on a Soyuz-Fregat launcher on 9 November 2005. It arrived at Venus on 11 April 2006 and is in a polar orbit, with a period of ~24 hours. Since arrival its suite of instruments has been collecting data on the atmosphere and magnetosphere. In this focus, eight Letters describe the results obtained so far, while a Progress paper by Svedhem et al. gives an overview of the mission.
Editor: A. Wilson The report for the 36th COSPAR Meeting covers, as in previous issues, the missions of the Scientific Programme of ESA in the areas of astronomy, Solar System science and fundamental physics. This year's COSPAR meeting will take place only weeks before the end of the SMART-1 mission to the Moon, a technology project that provided the first European look at our natural satellite from lunar orbit.In October of this year, a new mission will be launched: COROT. ESA, together with a number of countries, is contributing to this unique, French-led project that will provide an insight into the interior of the stars, by means of the asteroseismology technique successfully applied by SOHO. COROT will also perform a systematic search for new extrasolar planets using photometric transits. The record number of ESA Science Programme missions in operation established at the time of the last report was maintained in 2006 (Huygens having been replaced in the list by Venus Express). Eleven different missions, involving 14 operating spacecraft, are providing excellent science to the worldwide scientific community. The Research and Scientific Support Department (RSSD) is responsible for the science operations of these missions and makes every effort to ensure the best possible science return. The Department also supports the realisation of approved projects in all phases of their development.
|The heliosphere: Its origin and exploration
A. Balogh & L.J. Lanzerotti
|Solar Cycle 23
D.H. Hathaway & S.T. Suess
|The solar wind throughout the solar cycle
R. von Steiger
|The global heliospheric magnetic field
|Heliospheric energetic particle variations
D. Lario & M. Pick
|Galactic and anomalous cosmic rays through the solar cycle: New insight from Ulysses
B. Heber & M.S. Potgieter
|Overview: The heliosphere then and now