Science Results

Science Results

The VIRTIS instrument on Venus Express has made the first detection of hydroxyl in the atmosphere of Venus. The results are reported in the May 2008 issue of Astronomy & Astrophysics.
Published: 15 May 2008

Data from the VIRGO instrument on SOHO have been used to show that solar flares drive global oscillations in the Sun. This confirms a prediction made more than 30 years ago.
Published: 17 April 2008
Based on a study of archival data from four X-ray observatories, including XMM-Newton, a team of Japanese astronomers confirm the black hole at the Galactic centre, Sgr A*, to have experienced an outburst some 300 years ago
Published: 15 April 2008
XMM-Newton observations of broad absorption line quasars (BALQSOs) that are seen face-on reveal these to be different from BALQSOs that are seen at different orientations in that the former are not deficient in soft X-ray emission
Published: 9 April 2008
During Cassini's close flyby of Enceladus on 12 March, the spacecraft flew through the moon's plume that originates from jets in Enceladus' south polar region. Both the plume and the south polar surface were studied during this very close approach of Saturn's sixth largest moon.
Published: 27 March 2008
Based on Cassini radar observations of Titan's surface the moon's spin rate is now confirmed to be both non-synchronous and changing, providing evidence for the existence of a subsurface ocean
Published: 25 March 2008
Two different methods based on optical and X-ray observations have resulted in a consistent identification of the subtype and age of the supernova responsible for the supernova remnant SNR 0509-67.5 in the Large Magellanic Cloud
Published: 20 March 2008
In a recent article in Astrophysical Journal Letters Sala et al. shed light on the nature of the postoutburst nova V5116 Sagittarii with new XMM-Newton observations of the white dwarf star's soft X-ray emission
Published: 14 March 2008
[07.03.2008]
In-situ observations by the multiple Cluster spacecraft, together with numerical simulations, form the first ever confirmation of the occurence of solitary waves in Earth's magnetopause and explain the spontaneous generation of these waves
Published: 7 March 2008
Eta Carinae is a complex binary system, at a distance of around 8000 light years, with a large nebulosity surrounding the central objects. Observations with INTEGRAL have confirmed the nature of hard X-ray emission from the region to be from inverse compton scattered photons accelerated in a region where two stellar winds collide.
Published: 20 February 2008
Astronomers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope have compiled a large catalogue of gravitational lenses in the distant Universe. The catalogue contains a staggering 67 new gravitationally lensed images found around massive elliptical and lenticular-shaped galaxies.
Published: 19 February 2008
[23.01.2008]
First ever observations by Cluster of the actual size of the electron diffusion region at the heart of magnetic reconnection reveals the region to be much larger than previously thought, with implications for design and operations of future space missions
Published: 23 January 2008
[06.12.2007]
A recent study based on over three years of Cluster data confirms solar wind material can be accelerated simultaneously at multiple points along Earth's magnetotail axis producing high-speed ion beams
Published: 6 December 2007
[21.11.2007]
Cluster observations of the Earth's space environment being affected by a Coronal Mass Ejection from the Sun have established the existence of a mechanism for accelerating plasma in the Earth's magnetosheath other then magnetic reconnection
Published: 21 November 2007
[09.11.2007]
Cluster results published by Tony Lui et al. give new insight into the generalized Ohm's law that discribes the coupling between charged particles and a magnetic field, as applied to magnetic substorms in Earth's magnetosphere
Published: 9 November 2007
[22.10.2007]
A detailed study of six years' worth of data gathered by the EDI instruments on board the Cluster spacecraft has provided polar maps of plasma dynamics in Earth's ionosphere and its relation to solar activity
Published: 22 October 2007
The launch of INTEGRAL five years ago heralded a new era in gamma-ray observatories. Utilising solid-state detectors and coded mask imaging techniques, INTEGRAL was unlike any previous gamma-ray mission.
Published: 17 October 2007
Combined observations from the Cluster and Double Star missions have resulted in the discovery of a new onset mechanism for a magnetospheric phenomenon that induces bright aurorae: the magnetic substorm
Published: 11 September 2007
Combined observations from the Cluster and Double Star missions have resulted in the discovery of a new type of onset for a magnetospheric phenomenon that induces bright aurorae: the magnetic substorm.
Published: 11 September 2007
The pulsar PSR J1617-5055 has been identified as the most likely power source for the nearby object HESS J1616-508 that shines bright in the TeV energy range and was discovered early 2004
Published: 9 August 2007
28-Nov-2022 10:52 UT

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