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Moon Operations

Moon Operations

On 15 November 2004, SMART-1 was captured by the Moon's gravity and experienced its first perilune. The initial lunar orbit was highly elliptical and over the next three months the apolune was lowered and the orbit circularised for final operations. This page lists the key events during SMART-1's lunar operational lifetime.

15 November 2004 - SMART-1 enters lunar orbit

News: SMART-1 enters lunar orbit

10 February 2005 - SMART-1 Mission Extension Approved

News: SMART-1 Mission Extension Approved

February-May 2005 - Lunar commissioning after reaching operational orbit

From capture orbit to operational orbit

On 27 February, one year and five months after launch from Kourou, SMART-1 entered its operational orbit around the Moon. The ion engine was switched off and the lunar commissioning of the instruments was performed over the next three months.

Status Report: No. 35 - Final Lunar Orbit & Instrument Lunar Commissioning
Status Report: No. 36 - Ongoing Lunar Commissioning
Status Report: No. 39 - SMART-1 Ready for Operations Phase

Lunar Science Highlights

Crater Glushko

Rima Hadley

North polar region

Mons Gruithuisen

Crater Atlas

Mare Humorum Basin

August-September 2005 - First re-boost phase

The nominal science mission of SMART-1 was completed end of July 2005. From 2 August to 17 September 2005 the ion engine was fired repeatedly, consuming all remaining fuel to re-boost SMART-1's orbit and reach the mission extension orbit as endorsed by the SPC in February 2005.

Status Report: No. 42 - Ion Drive Restarted

17 September 2005 - End of ion engine operations

Status Report: No. 43 - End of Electric Propulsion Operations   

June 2006 - Second re-boost phase

To allow optimal observations of the lunar impact with some of the world's largest telescopes, SMART-1's impact point was adjusted by extending the mission by three weeks. To achieve this extension, the orbit needed a second re-boost.

As the ion engine was no longer available for providing thrust, another method was adopted to increase the spacecraft's velocity and boost the orbit, using only the attitude thrusters of the AOCS system in combination with a series of reaction wheel offloadings.

Status Report: No. 52 - SMART-1 Mission Operations Until Moon Impact
Status Report: No. 54 - Successful Perilune Raising Manoeuvres


Last Update: 1 September 2019
21-Jun-2024 00:30 UT

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