Cluster Observations of the Magnetospheric Low-Latitude Boundary Layer and Cusp during Extreme Solar Wind and Interplanetary Magnetic Field Conditions: II. 7 November 2004 ICME and Statistical Survey
Publication date: 22 July 2007
Authors: Bogdanova, Y.V. et al.
Journal: Solar Physics, Online First
We present a study of the plasma properties inside and dynamics of the low-latitude boundary layer (LLBL)/cusp during the ICME event on 7 November 2004 based on data from the four Cluster spacecraft. The interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) is predominantly strongly northward, up to 50 nT, with some short-duration rotations. The observed LLBL/cusp is very thick (~6 - 7° invariant latitude (ILAT)) and migrates equatorward with rates of 0.55° and 0.04° ILAT per minute during quick southward IMF rotations and stable northward IMF, respectively. The LLBL/cusp observed by Cluster 1 and Cluster 4 is in a fast transition between different states and is populated by different types of plasma injection, presumably coming from multiple reconnection sites. During a period of extremely northward IMF, signatures of pulsed dual reconnection inside the LLBL/cusp are observed by Cluster 3, suggesting that at least part of the LLBL/cusp is on closed field lines. However, analysis of the ion data implies that the boundary layer is formed in the dawn sector of the magnetosphere and does not slowly convect from the dayside as has been suggested previously. A statistical study of the location of the LLBL/cusp equatorward boundary during the ICME events on 28 - 29 October 2003 and 7 - 10 November 2004 is performed. - Remainder of abstract truncated -Link to publication