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XMM-Newton view of hot gas motions in the Coma galaxy cluster

XMM-Newton view of hot gas motions in the Coma galaxy cluster

Date: 10 January 2020
Satellite: XMM-Newton
Depicts: Coma galaxy cluster
Copyright: ESA/XMM-Newton/J. Sanders et al. 2019

This image shows the bright, nearby, and massive Coma galaxy cluster in X-rays, as seen by XMM-Newton's European Photon Imaging Camera (EPIC).

The central regions of the cluster can be seen glowing brightly, with its diffuse outer regions extending outwards from the middle of the frame. Coma's density is relatively even across its area, as reflected in the colouring (and thus brightness) of the different regions of this image, but rises gently towards the centre.

The overlaid blue and red arrows show the motion of the gas in the region (relative to the cluster itself), with blue arrows representing gas moving towards us, and red representing gas moving away. The length of the 'tail' on the arrows represents the size of the velocity: the longer the arrow tail, the faster the gas is moving.

This image is part of a new study of Coma and another nearly cluster, Perseus. The study spotted the first signs of gas sloshing around in Perseus – a behaviour that, while predicted, had never been seen before – while Coma appears to comprise two major sub-clusters that are slowly merging together.

Full story: First sighting of hot gas sloshing in galaxy cluster

Last Update: 10 January 2020
30-Jan-2023 08:14 UT

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