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Solar Wind Origin in Coronal Funnels

Solar Wind Origin in Coronal Funnels

Publication date: 23 April 2005

Authors: Tu, C-Y., et al.

Journal: Science
Volume: 308
Page: 519
Year: 2005

Copyright: Science Magazine

The origin of the solar wind in solar coronal holes has long been unclear. We establish that the solar wind starts flowing out of the corona at heights above the photosphere between 5 megameters and 20 megameters in magnetic funnels. This result is obtained by a correlation of the Doppler-velocity and radiance maps of spectral lines emitted by various ions with the force-free magnetic field as extrapolated from photospheric magnetograms to different altitudes. Specifically, we find that Ne7+ ions mostly radiate around 20 megameters, where they have outflow speeds of about 10 kilometers per second, whereas C3+ ions with no average flow speed mainly radiate around 5 megameters. Based on these results, a model for understanding the solar wind origin is suggested.

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