Impact Crater with Ejecta Blanket
This image shows a crater, approximately 60 kilometres in diameter, on the very eastern end of the radar image strip taken by the Cassini orbiter on its third close flyby of Titan on 15 February 2005.
The appearance of the crater and the extremely bright (hence rough) blanket of material surrounding it is indicative of an origin by impact, in which a hypervelocity comet or asteroid, in this case, roughly 5-10 kilometres in size, slammed into the surface of Titan.
The bright surrounding blanket is debris, or ejecta, thrown out of the crater. The asymmetric appearance of this ejecta blanket could be an effect of atmospheric winds associated with the impact itself. Although clearly formed by impact, the feature lacks a central peak, suggesting that it has been eroded or otherwise modified after formation. Rainfall, wind erosion, and softening of the solid material in which the crater formed are all possible processes that might have altered this impact feature.
The Cassini-Huygens mission is a cooperative project of NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency.