Asset Publisher

Titan Flyby - 19 November 2007

Titan Flyby - 19 November 2007

16 November 2007

Forty-eight days after Cassini's last flyby, the spacecraft returns to Titan for its thirty-eighth targeted encounter: Titan-37. The closest approach to the moon occurs on Monday 19 November at 00:47:25 UTC at an altitude of 1000 kilometres above the surface and at a speed of 6.3 kilometres per second. The latitude at closest approach is 22° S and the encounter occurs on orbit number 52.

This encounter is set up with two manoeuvres: an apoapsis manoeuvre on 1 November, and a Titan approach manoeuvre on 15 November. T37 is the second in a series of outbound encounters that will last until the end of the prime mission in July 2008, and it occurs less than two days after Saturn closest approach. This is the second in a series of seven Titan southern hemisphere encounters.

Science Activities

  • Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer (INMS)
    INMS will attempt to determine the composition and thermal structure of the atmosphere and ionosphere
  • Visible and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS)
    VIMS will perform Titan high resolution mapping for geology and composition
  • Composite Infrared Spectrometer (CIRS)
    CIRS will carry out vertical temperature sounding of Titan's tropopause & stratosphere. These observations contribute to the team's objectives to both increase temporal coverage of global temperature maps while at the same time extending spatial coverage at the higher spectral resolutions used to detect new species and isotopes
  • Imaging Science Subsystem (ISS)
    ISS will make a series of regional and global scale mosaics. The regional mosaic, northwest of Aderi, is complementary of T35 observations, which were northeast of Aderi
  • Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS)
    UVIS makes several slow scans across Titan's visible hemisphere to form spectral images. The objective is to obtain spectral images of Titan in the EUV and FUV to map the aurora and dayglow, to map hydrocarbon absorption, and to measure scattering and absorption by aerosols in the stratopshere. The UVIS slit will be scanned across Titan's disk to build up an image at many wavelengths
  • Dual Technique Magnetometer (MAG)
    MAG will use data from the T36 and T7 flybys to look for temporal variations in the magnetic field in the wake/south polar region
  • Radio and Plasma Wave Science (RWPS)
    RPWS will take advantage of the spacecraft's close wake passage near the southern boundary of the geometric wake. Cassini should be at a low enough altitude that the encounter will probably be an ionospheric pass rather than a wake pass. The RPWS objectives are to study the density and temperature of ionospheric electrons and to look for plasma waves that participate in the interaction of Saturn's magnetosphere with Titan

Table of Events

31 October 2007

Time UTC Time wrt
Titan-37
Activity
18:40:00 -18d 06h Start of sequence S35 which contains Titan-37

15 November 2007

Time UTC Time wrt
Titan-37
Activity
08:56:00 -03d 16h OTM #133 Prime. Titan-37 targeting manoeuvre.

17 November 2007

Time UTC Time wrt
Titan-37
Activity
05:21:10 -01d 19h Descending ring plane crossing
07:51:49 -01d 17h Saturn periapse, R = 3.8 RS, lat = -3°, phase = 145°
08:42:00 -01d 16h OTM #133 Backup

18 November 2007

Time UTC Time wrt
Titan-37
Activity
10:12:00 -14h 35m Start of the TOST segment
10:12:00 -14h 35m Turn cameras to Titan
10:42:00 -14h 05m Deadtime. 10 minutes 25 seconds long; used to accommodate changes in flyby time
10:52:25 -13h 55m Titan atmospheric observations. Cloud map
15:47:25 -09h 00m Titan atmospheric observations. Obtain vertical profiles of temperatures in Titan's stratosphere
19:47:25 -05h 00m Titan atmospheric observations. Obtain information on surface & tropopause temperatures, and on tropospheric CH4
22:47:25 -02h 00m Transition to thruster control
22:48:25 -01h 59m Titan atmospheric observations. Vertical sounding of stratospheric compounds on Titan, including H2O
23:08:25 -01h 39m Titan atmospheric observations. Vertical aerosol sounding of Titan's stratosphere.

19 November 2007

Time UTC Time wrt
Titan-37
Activity
00:02:25 -00h 45m Titan atmospheric observations. Vertical temperature sounding of Titan's tropopause & stratosphere
00:32:25 -00h 15m Magnetosphere and plasma science. Part of the MAPS/TOST campaign. Determine atmospheric and ionospheric composition and thermal structure
00:47:25 +00h 00m Titan-37 Flyby Closest Approach Time. Altitude = 1000 km, speed = 6.3 kms-1, 51° phase at closest approach
04:36:19 +03h 49m Ascending Ring Plane Crossing
00:56:25 +00h 09m Titan surface observations. High resolution mapping
01:08:25 +00h 21m Transition off of thruster control
01:31:25 +00h 44m Titan surface observations. High resolution mapping
02:47:25 +02h 00m Titan surface observations. Regional map
04:47:25 +04h 00m Titan atmospheric observations. Obtain information on surface & tropopause temperatures, and on tropospheric CH4
05:47:25 +05h 00m Titan surface observations. Global Map
09:23:25 +08h 36m Titan atmospheric observations. Photometry observations
09:47:25 +09h 00m Titan atmospheric observations. Obtain information on CO, HCN, CH4. Integrate on disk at airmass 1.5-2.0
14:47:25 +14h 00m Titan atmospheric observations. Obtain information on the thermal structure of Titan's stratosphere
21:47:25 +21h 00m Titan atmospheric observations. Obtain information on the thermal structure of Titan's stratosphere

20 November 2007

Time UTC Time wrt
Titan-37
Activity
00:06:34 +23h 19m Deadtime, 20 minutes and 26 seconds long. Used to accommodate. changes in flyby time
00:27:00 +23h 40m Turn to Earth-line
00:57:00 +01d 00h Playback of T37 Data. Madrid 70M

Titan Ground Trace

Image courtesy NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute

The above image shows the ground trace of the Titan-37 flyby on a mosaic of Titan's surface, for a period of 32 hours around closest approach. The colour of the trace indicates Cassini's altitude above the surface. Blue: > 100 000 km, green: < 100 000 km, light blue: < 50 000, yellow: < 10 000 km, orange: < 5000 km, red: < 2000 km. The point of closest approach is marked T37 (Cassini at 1000 km altitude). Cassini approaches Titan over the equatorial region at 16 hours before closest approach (centre right in this image), and then continues to pass over Titan's southern hemisphere.

Observation Results

Cassini Instrument: Imaging Science Subsystem (ISS)

Date: 31 December 2007

Credit: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute

Image Notes: View of Titan centred on the bright equatorial region called Adiri. The image was taken at 939 nm (infrared), allowing surface features to be discerned

Last Update: 1 September 2019
21-Apr-2021 11:30 UT

ShortUrl Portlet

Shortcut URL

https://sci.esa.int/s/ABZ7o2A

Images And Videos

Related Publications

Related Links

Documentation