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No. 88 - Trajectory Control Manoeuvre

No. 88 - Trajectory Control Manoeuvre

Report for period 13 - 26 October 2007The reporting period covers a period of 2 weeks of Active Cruise Mode characterised byactivities linked to the preparation of the Earth Swing-by. Frequent tracking passes are taken inorder to assess the spacecraft trajectory. On 18 October a Trajectory Control Manoeuvrehas been performed to set the spacecraft onto the right track for the Swing-by.

DOY Date Pass Main Activity
286 13/10/07 NNO 1323 Tracking Pass
287 14/10/07 NNO 1324 Tracking Pass
288 15/10/07 NNO 1325 Tracking Pass
289 16/10/07 NNO 1326 Monitor, OSIRIS AR recovery activities
290 17/10/07 NNO 1327 Uplink of TCM commands
291 18/10/07 NNO 1328 TCM @ ESB2-4w
292 19/10/07 NNO 1329 Monitor
293 20/10/07 NNO 1330 Tracking Pass
294 21/10/07 NNO 1331 Tracking Pass
295 22/10/07 NNO 1332 Monitor
296 23/10/07 DSS-15 1333 Tracking Pass
298 25/10/07 DSS-25 1335
NNO 1335
Tracking Pass
299 26/10/07 DSS-24 1336 Tracking Pass

At the end of the reporting period (DOY 299) Rosetta was at 15.8 million km from Earth (0.1 AU; one-way signal travel time was 53 seconds). The distance to the Sun was 164 million km (1.09 AU).


On DoY 2007.291 a trajectory correction manoeuvre (3.4 cm per second) took place. The spacecraft behaved properly during the manoeuvre. The timing of the manoeuvre was as follows:

  • entry in GSP @ 16.04.55
  • OCM duration 46 seconds (OCM entry @ 17.09.54 TTM entry @ 17.10.40)
  • entry in WDP @ 17.11.12
  • entry in GSP @ 17.40.05
  • entry in GSEP @ 18.39.55

The RCS fuel consumption 38 Grams.

On the plot below, the red cross and surrounding 3-sigma error ellipse were the estimates for the location in the Rosetta B-plane, corresponding to the 2nd Earth swing-by, that were made on the basis of an orbit determination using data from the time of NSHM exit up to the end of the pass on 04 October.

The orange cross and surrounding 3-sigma error ellipse were the estimates made on 15 October that were used to plan the trajectory control manoeuvre (TCM) that was executed on 18 October. Using data up to the end of the NNO pass on 21 October, the blue cross and surrounding 3-sigma error ellipse shows the current estimate in the B-plane. The location is 3 km from the target. The target location corresponds to a perigee altitude of 5299 km (relative to the Earth's equatorial radius). The estimate corresponds to an altitude of 5296.8 km with a 3- sigma uncertainty of 17.0 km.

The estimated time of closest approach (perigee passage) is 20:57:22.9 UTC on 13 November.

The 3-sigma uncertainty is now 2.6 seconds.

From the B-plane plot it is obvious that the TCM performance was near nominal. However, it was very small and the information content within the tracking data is not sufficient to give a precise calibration. If the manoeuvre direction was perfect then from the change in the Doppler it would be known that the manoeuvre overperformed by 2.6%. But the calibration within the orbit determination gives a small direction error so that the overperformance estimate is reduced to +0.6% (+0.2 mm/s). The 1-sigma uncertainty on this value is 2.9% (1.0 mm/s).

During the reporting period limited activities have been conducted with the payload complement.

Instrument is OFF

Instrument is OFF

Instrument is OFF

Instrument is OFF

During the reporting period very limited activities have been conducted with the payload complement for anomaly report recovery actions.

Instrument is OFF

Instrument is OFF.

Instrument is ON (RTOF in stand-by) as part of an out-gassing attempt.

Instrument is OFF.

Is in muted status

Instrument is OFF.

Instrument is OFF.

Since DoY 248/2007 the accumulation settings are configured for active cruise mode.

Future Milestones

The preparation of the Earth Swing-by phase is proceeding according to the plan. Latest orbit determination indicates that a trajectory correction manoeuvre at ESB2-2w is very likely not needed. A final decision will be taken on 30 October with the most up-to-date navigation data. The closest approach during the swing-by will take place on the 13th of November at 20:57 UTC.

Last Update: 1 September 2019
3-Oct-2023 04:07 UT

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